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BONN, Germany (PAMACC News) - After the release of the latest climate related scientific report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in February, a team of experts and environmental technocrats from different countries are sitting in Bonn, Germany from June 6 to 16, to analyse the findings so as to advise policy-oriented needs during the forthcoming 27th Conference of Parties (COP27) in Egypt. The Conference of Parties (COP) is the supreme decision-making body of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that binds together 197 member countries also known as parties, which usually meet every year to discuss matters related to climate change, review the implementation of the Convention and any other legal instruments, adopts and take decisions necessary to promote the effective implementation of scientific findings. During last year’s COP in Glasgow, Scotland, leaders from developing countries urged all nations to embrace such scientific evidence and urgently implement bold mitigation and adaptation measures to avert the looming climate catastrophes. “Climate change poses an existential threat to most countries in the African continent,” said Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta noting that the country’s extreme weather events including floods and droughts, lead to losses of 3 – 5% annual Gross Domestic Product in his country. Why hold expensive conferences to discuss climate change? Nearly all scientists believe that the changes in climatic conditions being experienced all over the world such as storms, floods which lead to landslides, droughts, warming of oceans which lead to destruction of aquatic biodiversity, and even change of seasons have been caused by human activities. According to a scientific journal – Nature Conservancy, humanity’s accelerated burning of fossil fuels and deforestation (forests are key parts of the planet’s natural carbon management systems) have led to rapid increases of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and global warming. Since time immemorial, scientists have shown that greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane prevent a certain amount of heat radiation from escaping the earth’s atmosphere back to space, making the earth a warm place for life to thrive. To balance this, human beings and bacteria breathe in oxygen and carbon dioxide out, then plants do the opposite to consume the carbon produced by humans. However, the more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the warmer the earth gets. Burning more fossils therefore means more carbon in the atmosphere, and cutting down trees, means that there will be no plant to absorb the excess carbon dioxide, which makes the earth warmer than usual – a concept known as global warming. The main threats of climate change, stemming from the rising temperature of Earth’s atmosphere include rising sea levels, ecosystem collapse and more frequent and severe weather. It is therefore through such climate negotiations that parties (countries) meet under the UNFCCC to negotiate the best way possible to reduce further emission of greenhouse gases, how to contain the existing excess greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and how to help communities cope with disasters that have been caused and are still…
OUAGADOUGOU, Burkina Faso (PAMACC News) - African Forest stakeholders have been urged to buckle down to work in readiness for the upcoming 27th Conference of Parties (COP27) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Egypt. As part of its policy to empower forest stakeholders and vulnerable communities in Africa to better confront the challenges of climate change, the African Forest Forum, AFF used the opportunity of the regional workshop organised from June 6 to 10, 2022 at Pacific Hotel, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso to inform more participants from various government representatives, civil society organizations, private sector and development partners institutions on the key outcomes of the climate negotiations held in Glasgow last November and the high expectations of the COP 27 this year at their doorstep in Egypt.Dr Marie-Louis Avana of AFF affirmed the determination of the African Forest Forum to work fully for the success of the different negotiations and the intentions of the different forest stakeholders that will be taking part.According to Dr Avana, non-state actors including investors and businesses and civil society should have the ability to take far-reaching and ambitious climate action, supplementing and reinforcing the crucial climate plans of governments.Experts say these actors should get set with action plans including identifying how to address existing and future climate challenges, shifting the narrative on climate losses, and mainstreaming climate resilience through deepening engagement with bankable projects.“We are orienting stakeholders and delegates from Africa on how to better engage their negotiations during COP27. AFF is playing this role working with all forest stakeholders,” Marie Louis Afana said.Talking about expectations at COP27, African Forest Forum officials said they expect to see the different countries mobilize efforts to meet up and respect their commitments and pledges especially those related to financing forest conservation in Africa.“ We expect to see countries respect their financial commitments to boost forest conservation. Many pledges were made during COP 26 in Glasgow, we expect to see them realized,” Marie-Louis said.As one of the regions most adversely affected by the impacts of climate change, Africa has been advocating for urgent and practical global, regional and national actions and enhanced ambition to combat climate change. African countries have stepped up to the challenge of contributing to addressing the global climate challenge that respects no borders, despite contributing the least to causing this existential crisis.For Professor Martin Tchamba, “it is but fair justice that Africa that contributes least to the existing climate crisis gets compensated”.He recalled that the Glasgow Climate Conference agreed to keep 1.5C in reach, including by a global transition to Clean Energy, provision of resources, declaration for the accelerating to low emitting transport systems, and the declaration on the use of forests and reversing deforestation by 2030.“ We need to see this momentum maintained or even have more ambitious undertakings by the polluting countries in the upcoming COP27” Dr Martin Tchamba said.Cecile Njdebet for her part called for a people-centred climate change solution. She saluted the gradual shift from a centralized…
 OUAGADOUGOU, Burkina Faso (PAMACC News) - Forest experts in Africa have reiterated the need to reinforce efforts in sustainable land use and forest management in the continent to secure a better future. The experts were speaking at a workshop organised by African Forest Forum (AFF) from June 6 to 10, 2022 at Pacific Hotel, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. The regional workshop according to AFF was to share the conclusions and recommendations of studies conducted over the past three years as part of two funded projects, one by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), and the other by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).Held under the theme “state of the African forest,” experts exchanged and shared information on the state of the African forest, the challenges and potential solutions.According to Maries Louis Avana-Tientcheu of AFF, “the lives of many Africans depend on forest resources and therefore ensuring its sustainable management is guaranteeing the future of the population and especially those who directly survive from it.” According to the Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), over two-thirds of Africa's 600 million people rely directly and indirectly on forests for their livelihoods, including food security, thus the need to protect and preserve the continent's rich forest resources.Coming on the heels of the 27th Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) known as COP27 in Egypt, the experts agreed it was time for forest stakeholders in Africa to be abreast with the intricacies of land use and forest management in order to find lasting solutions that will improve the livelihood of the population and especially those who depend on the forest for survival.African Forest Forum is sensitizing its members and other forest stakeholders on the stakes of the upcoming COP27 in Egypt.“This is very important for us because it is taking place in Africa and it is an opportunity for forest stakeholders in the continent to make maximum benefits of the COP27,” says Maries Louis Avana-TientcheuAccording to statistics from CIFOR, Africa has an estimated 624 million ha of forest, 98 .8 per cent of which are natural forests. Forests types and cover include rainforests and other humid forests; dryland forests; savannahs and woodlands; mountain forests; mangrove forests; and plantations.Unfortunately, Africa’s forest sector is, however, faced with many challenges that constrain its capacity to provide meaningful and sustainable ecosystem services including contributing to socio-economic development. The continent’s forest area declined by 2 .8 million ha per year between 2010 and 2019, a much higher rate than anywhere else in the world, the CIFOR report says.Environment experts have therefore not ceased reiterating the need for restraint in land and forest use by governments and other stakeholders. Cameroon for example counts about 22.5 million hectares of humid forests with deforestation of over 0.8% per year between 2000 and 20016, according to statistics from the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife.Forest experts say in a fragmented context where forestry policies compete with other development sectors' policies whose implementation involves deforestation or…
A Bonn, les négociateurs commencent à faire le point, après une semaine de négociations. Résultat, rien de substantiel, selon eux, surtout sur les pertes et dommages, sinon, la volonté des pays riches de ne pas être flexible sur le financement de la mise en œuvre de ce volet du réchauffement climatique. Et en plus, s’ajoute la délivrance du visa d’entrée en Allemagne à compte-goutte et selon certains négociateurs, à la tête du client. Ils sont, par conséquent, vent debout contre les pays riches, dont-ils voient leurs mains derrière ce type de comportement. Ils sont montés au créneau pour faire éclater leur colère. Le point avec Didier Hubert MADAFIME, envoyé spécial PAMACC, à Bonn Ça commence par faire beaucoup. Ils sont certains, à ne pas pouvoir contempler, cette fois-ci, le ciel de Bonn, n’ont pas, qu’ils ne sont pas attendus mais tout simplement parce qu’on a opposé un refus catégorique à leur demande de visa. Ce refus, pour ceux qui y sont, s’apparente à une tactique des pays riches pour éviter à avoir à faire à un grand nombre de négociateurs. « Nous considérons le refus et le retard des visas pour l'Allemagne pour de nombreux négociateurs des pays en développement comme faisant partie des manœuvres visant à empêcher des discussions sur le mécanisme de facilité financière pour les pertes et dommages », a déclaré Charles Mwangi, secrétaire exécutif par intérim de l'Alliance panafricaine pour la justice climatique (PACJA). Le refus ou le retard dans la délivrance des visas est l'un des défis auxquels nous sommes confrontés, ici, en tant que négociateurs », a déclaré Ephraim Mwepya Shitima de Zambie. Shitima, qui dirige le Groupe africain des négociateurs (AGN). « Des délégations entières sont absentes aux pourparlers de Bonn, en raison de problèmes de visa. Le groupe a dû envoyer une plainte officielle à la direction de la Convention Cadre de Nations Unies sur les Changements Climatiques (CCNUCC), et des mesures sont prises à cet égard. » L'AGN comprend des coordonnateurs thématiques principaux et des conseillers stratégiques des gouvernements des États membres africains. Créé lors de la COP1 à Berlin, en Allemagne, en 1995 pour unifier et représenter les intérêts de la région dans les négociations internationales sur le changement climatique, l'AGN travaille sous la direction du Comité des Chefs d'État et de gouvernement africain sur le changement climatique (CAHOSCC) et de la Conférence ministérielle africaine sur l'environnement et les ressources naturelles (AMCEN). Pays riches : Faire un peu, preuve de bonne foi "Les tactiques dilatoires que les pays riches emploient à travers des clauses et des terminologies, évacuent le sens de ce processus de négociation mettant davantage en danger la vie des femmes africaines, les premières victimes des catastrophes climatiques", a déclaré Priscilla Achakpa du Women Environmental Program (WEP). Muawia Shaddad de la Société soudanaise de l'environnement et de la conservation, membre de l'Alliance panafricaine pour la justice climatique (PACJA) estime que les progrès sont entravés par la demande de financement pour les pertes et dommages par les pays développés,…
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