Frontpage Slideshow

C’est comme toutes les autres COP pratiquement. C’est à Bonn où se trouve le siège de la Convention-Cadre des Nations-Unies sur les Changements Climatiques (CCNUCC), que se dessinent chaque fois, les premiers schémas de la COP de l’année en cours. Experts, Scientifiques, points focaux, qui constituent les organes de mise en œuvre, sont à Bonn depuis lundi dans le cadre de la 56ème Session de l’Organe Subsidiaire du Conseil Scientifique et Technologique, et réfléchissent, à tout ce qu’il faut, pour faire avancer les négociations relatives à l’aggravation de la crise climatique. Après la COP22 en 2016 au Maroc, la prochaine COP, la COP27 se tient sur la terre africaine. C’est Charm El-Cheikh en Égypte qui accueille cette rencontre aux enjeux multiples. Didier Hubert MADAFIME, Envoyé Spécial, l’ Alliance Pan-Africaine de Média pour les Changement Climatiques (PAMACC) En-tête de ces enjeux, il y a les problèmes qui ont voyagé de COP en COP, soit, avec une demi-solution, soit, pas du tout de solution. Figure dans la première catégorie, les pertes et dommages. Si la COP 19 en 2013 à Varsovie a approuvé la mise en place d’un mécanisme international de Varsovie sur les pertes et dommages, les pays, dont les Etats-Unis en tête, bloquent toujours la mise en place d’une facilité financière. Elle a été sollicitée par le G77, un regroupement des pays les plus pauvres, victimes du réchauffement climatique, en guise de compensation aux effets des changements climatiques. Refus catégorique aussi à Glasgow à la COP26. Les pays qui font front à cette proposition préfèrent laisser les assurances s’occuper, cette question. Mais qui dit assurance, sait, qu’il faut, au préalable, payer une prime. Enfin, tel qu’il est imaginé, on a l’impression d’être en face d’une fuite de responsabilité de la part des pays riches, qui, selon ce qu’ils avancent, ne sont pas prêts à porter au dos toute la misère du monde. Il appartient donc, aux pays pauvres de mettre, eux aussi, la main à la poche pour assurer les dommages causés par le mauvais choix de développement des pays riches. Mais, tout le monde en convient, les grandes sociétés d’assurances, souvent des appendices des pays riches ne regarderait pas ça d’un mauvais œil. De la part des pays pauvres, c’est un niet catégorique qu’il y oppose. Il n’est pas pour autant ranger à cause de ces divergences. Il sera le principal dossier à la COP 27, c’est pourquoi, ils figurent bel et bien sur l’agenda des négociations à Bonn. Les pertes et dommages, en quoi, soient-ils si importants pour les pays pauvres ? A l’origine, les changements climatiques, qui ont rendu vulnérables tous les secteurs d’activités des pays pauvres et leurs populations. Ceux qui sont responsables de cette fragilité du système se connaissent aussi bien. Et pourtant, ils sont toujours dans le déni et estiment qu’on veut leur mettre sur le dos toute la misère du monde. A ceux qui sont à Bonn, la Secrétaire Exécutive sortante de l’ONU sur les changements climatiques, Patricia Espinosa, a envoyé ce message,…
Bonn, Germany (PAMACC News) - A new report has confirmed that fifty-five vulnerable countries most of them from Africa have been made poorer by the debilitating effects of climate change. In aggregate dollar terms, the report estimates that these vulnerable economies have lost approximately US$ 525 billion over the two decades due to climate change's temperature and precipitation patterns. Commissioned by the Vulnerable Twenty (V20), a group of Finance Ministers from the Climate Vulnerable Forum, the report establishes that Climate change has eliminated one-fifth of the wealth of the V20 countries with primary evidence. It indicates that the V20 would have been 20% wealthier today if not for climate change and the losses it incurred for poor and vulnerable economies. "The Economic losses cut GDP growth in the V20 by one per cent each year on average, which averaged 3.67% in 2019 across the vulnerable economies," the report said. A setback for two decades From 2000 to 2019, the report estimated economic losses due to hydro-meteorological extreme events are higher than in the previous two decades, and the world's most vulnerable economies are also not adapting fast enough to cope with the changing climate as it currently stands. The report was presented on June 8th at an event that saw Ghana assume the leadership of the V20 at the ongoing Bonn climate talks holding in Germany. This report, according to Kenneth Nana Yaw Ofori-Atta, Ghana's Finance Minister, "should sound alarm bells for the world economy, since V20 are fast-growing engines of global economic growth, whereas the climate crisis has the potential to bring that phase to an end if the world fails to act." "The failure on the $100 billion of international climate finance delivery, particularly the failure to ensure a 50:50 balance for adaptation, has left us highly exposed," Ofoi-Atta said. Represented by Prof Seth Ofaso, Ofori-Atta called for "an international financing mechanism for climate change loss and damage as a matter of pragmatism and justice." The V20 and Climate Vulnerable Forum, he said, are calling on COP27 to establish this financing facility in solidarity with victims least responsible for, and least equipped to withstand, the increasingly extreme physical shocks driven by climate change." Prof Osafo told PAMACC News that it is untenable that the world's rich and responsible nations continue to refuse the poor, vulnerable and least responsible nations, support for the crushing costs that they bear because of inaction on the climate crisis. "It should fall on COP27 to decisively act on the void of finance for loss and damage in a clear litmus test for whether those fueling the climate crisis can truly begin to take responsibility for the breath of damage that has been unleashed by it," Osafo added. The litmus test The midyear technical Bonn climate talks began on a feverish note on Monday with widespread calls to consider a dedicated financing facility for loss and damage as an agenda item for the Sharm el-Sheik climate talks scheduled for November 2022 in Egypt. The…
BONN, Germany (PAMACC Newa) - Today, delegates from close to 200 countries in Bonn began negotiations that will shape the agenda for the 27th Conference of Parties (COP27) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) scheduled for November 2022 in Sharm el-Sheik, Egypt. Known as the 56th session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA), the Bonn talks hold from 6-16 June 2022 as Russia's invasion of Ukraine overshadows the threat of rising emissions. This year's SBSTA meeting, analysts say, provides an opportunity to gauge the resolve of nations facing a catalogue of crises, including escalating climate impacts, geopolitical tensions, bloodshed in Ukraine and the threat of a devastating global food crisis. The SBSTA Chair, Tosi Mpanu Mpanu, expressed confidence that despite the challenging geopolitical context this year, climate change remains very high on the agenda of governments. "Climate change is the biggest threat to life and livelihoods we face. We need to underline that climate change is the biggest issue of our time. In the last months, we have seen a lot of eagerness from governments to get down to work in Bonn. We have seen a lot of work at workshops and other events. There is a great appetite to make progress," Mpanu Mpanu added. Imperative of progress Outgoing UN Climate Change Executive Secretary, Patricia Espinosa called on governments not to be deterred as the meeting in Bonn is holding against the backdrop of accelerating climate impacts and geopolitical tension. Espinosa underscored the urgency of political-level interventions and decisions required in each of the focal areas for negotiations to achieve a balanced package. These areas according to her, include mitigation, adaptation, loss and damage, and finance and means of implementation. "It is not acceptable to say that we are in challenging times, even though we are. But they know that climate change is not an agenda we can afford to push back on our global schedule. We need decisions and actions now, and it is incumbent on all nations to make progress here in Bonn in the coming two weeks." "And we must understand that climate change is moving exponentially -- we can no longer afford to move incrementally. We can no longer afford to make just incremental progress. We must move these negotiations along more quickly. The world expects it," she added. According to the UN climate chief, doing so will send a clear message that "we are headed in the right direction. Because the world will have one question in Sharm El-Sheikh: what progress have you made since Glasgow?" Beyond Glasgow At COP 26 in Glasglow last year, countries agreed to submit stronger 2030 emission reduction targets to close the gap to limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees C (2.7 degrees F). Glasglow talks also agreed that developed countries should urgently deliver more resources to help climate-vulnerable countries adapt to the dangerous and costly consequences of climate change that they are feeling already — from dwindling crop yields to devastating…
BONN, Germany (PAMACC News) - Developing countries under the banner of G-77 & China have called for establishment of a dedicated “Loss and Damage Finance Facility,” and relaxation of several complexities barring access to the Green Climate Fund (GCF), as the 56th session of the subsidiary bodies (SB-56) under the United Nations Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC) kick off in Bonn, Germany. “Full operationalization of the Santiago Network on Loss and Damage at COP-27 is critical,” said Munir Akram, the Pakistan’s ambassador to the UN and the current Chair of the 134 member states that form the G-77 & China. The ‘Santiago Network on Loss and Damage’ is an initiative launched by the UNFCCC to connect vulnerable developing countries with providers of technical assistance, knowledge, resources they need to address climate risks comprehensively in the context of averting, minimizing and addressing loss and damage. “The G-77 & China is united in our ask for the establishment of a dedicated “Loss and Damage Finance Facility” as an intended tangible outcome to which the Glasgow Dialogue on Loss and Damage must contribute,” Ambassador Akram told delegates at the ongoing SB-56 conference in Germany. According to the G – 77 & China, substantial progress must be made at the ongoing conference in terms of agreement on its structure, operating modalities, and other aspects, while doing so in a manner that will ensure that the Santiago Network is fit for purpose in light of its functions as agreed in Warsaw, to catalyze and deliver on the ground the technical assistance and other support needed by developing countries to avert, minimize and address loss and damage arising from climate change. For example in Africa, several communities in Malawi, Madagascar and Mozambique are yet to recover from different cyclones that bedevilled the region in the recent past. According to a recent study released by the World Weather Attribution (WWA) group, the tropical storms that hit the region earlier this year were made worse by the increase in global temperatures, making such communities eligible for support from the Loss and Damage Finance Facility. In the same vein, the G-77 & China further said that there is urgent need to bridge the huge gap between adaptation planning and implementations. “On progress of the National Adaptation Plans (NAPS), there seems to be some disconnect between what is being planned, and what is being implementation on ground. Discussion on adaptation continuum must be connected with a reliable financial mechanism,” said Ambassador Akram noting that it is only implementation that will fulfil the objectives of the NAPs. However, the G-77 & China noted that main challenges remain in accessing GCF support due to a myriad of complexities surrounding the GCF NAP readiness Support Programme. Procedural complexities, un-standardized formats and long review processes of submitted proposals are but a few examples. According to the latest report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), vulnerable countries will not be able to adapt to global warming beyond the 1.5°C limit. The Working Group 3…
Page 10 of 139
--------- --------- --------- ---------
Top
We use cookies to improve our website. By continuing to use this website, you are giving consent to cookies being used. More details…